CPEC : POINTS TO PONDER FOR PEOPLE OF PAKISTAN

China is not a simple communist country. It is a capitalist country when it comes to dealing with other countries and towards their own people act as a communist country. They are ruthless and totally think business or akin to Lalas of India. For them the national goal is supreme. Recently the Dhoklam incident gives us the complete picture. When seen from the perspective of Chinese it was not good for their economy which was losing steam to drive Indian forces. Moreover, overwhelming support to Indian government garnered from all the dominant western powers shooed Chinese out and forced them to withdraw. This shows us clearly that Chinese will not be of help to Pakistan and they will have to fend for themselves in case of any future conflicts with any country especially India on its eastern front.  The Chinese also did not mince their words when leaving out Pakistan to defend itself in UNGA when India attacked Pakistan on its outlook on terror.

Chinese have been selling Coal-Fired Power Projects with used boilers to Pakistan to reduce their own carbon footprint. Chinese are planning to set up some 19 energy plants in Pakistan as part of CPEC. A total of 20 billion to be spent on 19 energy projects i.e. coal-fired and renewable power plants, and transmission lines, among other infrastructure. It is believed that the Chinese have ulterior motives in funding the unsustainable outdated coal projects in Pakistan. The energy generated will be supplied to Pakistanis at a hefty charge and the same is in news all around in Pakistani media. The secondary effect of these coal plants which will energize the roads and region around CPEC for the security of CPEC is that it will pollute the Pakistani climate to such an extent that it will become a world leader in carbon footprint. Being a communist country the Chinese were to treat Pakistan on equal terms however the same is not true. The corruption in Pakistan has infected all establishments and the same is being exploited by Chinese Industry. Due to which the Chinese and Pakistan governments are keeping a lid on the entire pack under wraps. This is very evident from the fact all the operators including contractors and workforce working on the project is from China. Only the security force employed for protection duties is from Pakistan. Thus, there is no skill development while the multi-Billion dollar project is being built on the Pakistani soil.

 In return for full cooperation with China in CPEC and surrendering its defense completely what the Pakistanis got is debt overburden and a cunning friend. As far as Military Research and Developmental help given out is we can say the Chinese are dolling out only those outdated technologies which they have already discarded. We may say they Chinese helped Pakistan in developing JF-17 used by Pakistani Air Force but is not in service in Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force. It is just a replacement for older aircraft such as Mirage III and Mirage V fighters or just another upgrade of MIG-21 aircraft. This is the status of Pakistan in front of Chinese. Chinese are also refusing to part with J-20 stealth aircraft recently inducted into its Airforce.

 The Pakistani Military leadership has been keeping the Indians busy on their western front by asking Pakistani army and Rangers to initiate low-intensity conflict in Indian territory. Thus, ensuring that the two neighbors are busy bleeding each other while Chinese conduct their business as usual without spending a penny. It is to be seen who has more to gain by bleeding India, it is China as it has more to lose if Indians get more powerful and influential in the region. This will make the US to lean on India and force China out of the equation. It can be clearly seen in the formation of Indo-Pacific Quadrilateral where China is excluded in spite of having formidable presence and stake in the Pacific Ocean. Thus understanding the real intent of Chinese leading countries like US, Japan, Australia, and India have tried to indicate to China that they can and will outcast China if required by forming various forums.

 There is a large section of government officials who believe that Pakistan is getting increasingly unequal treatment in CPEC. The recent development being Pakistan refusing use of Yuan (Chinese Currency) to be used in Pakistan. "Use of yuan for common use in any part of Pakistan or exchangeable like dollar has to be on a reciprocal basis," said Pakistani government official. Pakistani officials recently concluded CPEC Joint Cooperation Committee (JCC) stressed that Chinese officials were disappointed on this move from the Pakistani side.

 All these facts show that Chinese are no true friends of anyone. They have just interests in Pakistan and no particular liking to Pakistanis or any other people in the region. It is up to the people of Pakistan to question their government which is much under the influence of Pakistani Army as the world is looking at them with a formidable unanswered question, “Can you outsmart the Chinese?”. The answer of each Pakistani citizen will in future be responsible for the long-term well-being of a strong Pakistan as a nation.

 The author is pursuing research in Financial audits from Lahore.

CHINA’S MARCH TOWARDS DICTATORSHIP

In a strange move the Chinese Authorities the PLA has been asked to pledge its allegiance to President Xi Jinping.

The world´s largest armed forces should be "absolutely loyal, honest and reliable to President Xi", says a new guideline issued by the Central Military Commission on 05 Nov 17.

China´s military of around two million is technically the armed force of the ruling Communist Party (CPC), rather than the state or a single person. The commission´s calls for fidelity to Xi, shows the extent to which he has consolidated power since having his eponymous philosophy written into the party constitution last month. Xi´s political philosophy -- Xi Jinping Thought -- should also guide the strengthening of the military. Ideally, there should not be any requirement from a President of a Country like China to ask its Army to pledge allegiance unless some sort of threat is being perceived from them in future. There is definitely much more happening inside the CPC, than meets the eye.

Considered the central figure of the People's Republic's fifth generation of leadership, Xi has significantly centralized all institutional power by taking on a wide range of leadership positions, including chairing the newly formed National Security Commission, as well as new steering committees on economic and social reforms, military reform, and the Internet. “Xi Jinping has been nicknamed ‘the Chairman of Everything’. In late 2017, he was labelled by The Economist as “The world’s most powerful man”. The CPC “has published huge volumes on Xi’s political thoughts since he came to power five years ago.” The "new strongman" Xi has had a personality cult constructed around himself "with books, cartoons, pop songs and even dance routines. Xi Jinping has even has a free mobile app that teaches lessons on him.

 

Xi Jinping’s order to the PLA to pledge its allegiance is being projected to the world as a step towards absolute control or consolidation of authority is actually a step towards Dictatorship. After Xi’s annexation of power in 2013, China has become more assertive and at times, aggressive. He has sought to expand China's regional influence through the Belt and Road Initiative.  China’s aggression in South China Sea and Doklam has forced US, Japan, Australia and India to forge an alliance ‘Quad’.  In a single party controlled system of governance and too much of power centralised in one person is bound to create problems in the long run. With this new kind of dictatorship emerging in China, is its place in the UN “rightful”?

DRAGON SCALES UP PSYCOLOGICAL OPERATIONS

Chinese Daily Global Times has reported that a hospital in Changsha, the capital of Hunan Province, has relocated its blood bank on the orders of the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA)’. Many hospitals in different provinces have started curtailing the use of blood. The local government is organizing a blood collection drive to replenish supplies. The same is also true of some other top hospitals in Hubei Province and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The stocks of blood were transferred before the Jiuzhaigou earthquake in Sichuan Province on August 8, and they are likely to be transferred to Tibet.

View Point

On the face of it, the report will give an impression that China is stepping up preparedness for a possible military conflict with India on Doklam standoff by reportedly setting up blood donation and collection camps in the area. However, if we analyse it deeply, we will find that the News Paper reports of blood donation is a part of passive psychological operations of PLA to indicate that it means business.

All armies of the world take these measures before going to war but premature release of these news by PLA can safely be construed as part of psychological warfare to keep the adversary guessing. These activities are part of Civil Defence Programme and routinely practiced during peace time as rehersals.

ZHURIHE A PEEP INTO CHINESE ARMY TRAINING BASE

The Zhurihe   training base for PLA was set up in inner Mangolia to study the enemy armies and act like the enemies in live or mock war games. It covers an area of 1,066 sq km, almost the same as the land area of Hong Kong, and has its own hospitals and army logistic facilities.

Zhurihe has been hosting realistic combat exercises for about 10 years. Such drills, typically involving battles between red and blue units, are designed to get the soldiers used to fighting more skilful and better equipped foes.

Besides the combat troops, PLA medics also undergo training at Zhurihe, working on battlefield surgery and medical evacuation procedures.

Many countries have so-called opposing forces dedicated to playing enemy units in military training. In the West, the opposing force is usually called the red army, but that colour, highly symbolic for communist states, represents the PLA side in China.

China’s blue (enemy ) force, the 195th Mechanised Infantry Brigade, was officially set up at Zhurihe in 2014.

The blue force has adopted a command system and tactics similar to those of Nato forces.

During the war games, soldiers have laser receivers scattered all over their bodies, which detect when they are “hit” by enemy fire.

The Zhurihe base allows the army to practise on different types of terrain and the exercises also include mock nuclear, chemical and biological warfare as well as urban combat.

In the mock battles, both sides can use regular weapons such as tanks, armoured vehicles and artillery. They also have equipment for electronic warfare and air surveillance.

To better imitate the US army, the blue force has been given upgraded weapons and artillery, including the advanced ZTZ-96A battle tank, the Type-07 self-propelled artillery and an early warning system.

The red forces were given a drubbing during the Stride exercises in the past three years.

In the 2014 drill, the red units won just one of the seven battles, and in 2015 they lost all the battles to the blue force.

State media said the red force faced greater difficulty as it was supposed to “invade” the territory held by the blue force, which also had more high-tech weapons.

Exercise directors sometimes give the red army extra challenges such as electromagnetic interference and mock chemical attacks.

The PLA does not publish fatality records at Zhurihe, but at least two soldiers have reportedly died on duty there in the past three years.

Chinese media have labelled Zhurihe “China’s Fort Irwin”, but the US training centre, in the desert in California, is much bigger.